Over the course of 20 years, I’ve relied on MindManager to create mind maps and concept maps. Many are available below. You can access the full version for free during the trial period. If interested, please take advantage of my affiliate link.

Well-Formed Outcome Questions

Explore the questions

This interactive mind-map illustrates clarity, testing, exploring and checking questions. A meta-coach uses these questions during a coaching session. The meta-coach also uses meta-questions, meta-program questions, and well-formed outcome questions.

Mind-to-Muscle is a technique to close the knowing-doing gap.  It is a way to gain great principles, philosophies and commission our body to operate as informed by them. (Interactive Mind-Map, March 25, 2022 update).

This cognitive map explores the meta-states model within Neuro-Semantics, and relates meta-states to frames. (Updated May 23, 2017)

Learn about Meta-States

Suppose you see a potential danger and feel fear. The state of fear is called a primary state since it is triggered from outside of you. Being human, you will probably reflect on that fear. Many of us have been ashamed of being afraid. That is a meta-state, a state about another state, and is triggered from within yourself. It sets a new frame of meaning for that original state. Now, your relationship with the state of fear is shame: shameful fear. How would you experience fear differently if instead you were curious about your fear? All states that begin with self (e.g., self-confidence, self-esteem, and self-efficacy) are meta-states. Sometimes this self-reflection places us in a state of mind (e.g., feeling anxiety) that is not useful. Other times, our self-reflection and meta-states place us into highly desirable states, such as joyful learning or intelligent, fearless risk-taking. Self-reflection can give us the ability to gain new perspectives, understandings, insights, and choices.

Using the Meta-States Model lets you look at your meta-states, and the actions, beliefs, values and decisions they drive. This enables you to use them to actively manage your mental and emotional states to enhance your well-being and performance. Most of the tools in our Powerful Tools for Self-Leadership course are applications of the Meta-States Model.


Meta-programs are perceptual filters. We use these filters to pay attention to things and sort out what is important to us. These are three of six mind maps in my project to create a mind map for all the meta-programs.  (Part 3 updated March 20, 2019)

“What do you want?” is one of the primary questions coaches ask their clients (or friends). The well-formed outcome questions help understand what you actually want. They ensure what you want is consistent with your values and highest intentions.

This mind map illustrates the meta-programs associated with the Axes of Change model.  The Axes of Change is a model of change. It consists of four stages: Motivation, Decision, Creation and Integration. Michael Hall designed how psychologically-healthy people change in how they think.

This map illustrates the Matrix Model, which is a systems model within Neuro-Semantics. It helps organize a large amount of information when coaching a person.  It includes process matrices that help us create our mental maps of reality and content matrices that reflect mental maps of ourselves. Updated September 2023.

This map illustrates my version of the NLP Communication Model. It illustrates the skills Neuro-Semantic NLP helps to create and the way people respond to external events.

This cognitive map illustrates a cognitive distortions model. It is useful to a meta-coach (e.g., life coach) who wants to understand how a client can get himself or herself in trouble, or to anyone who wants to understand how politicians can distort reality.

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